Decoding ACoS and TACoS in Amazon PPC

ACoS and TACoS are essential metrics in Amazon’s Pay-Per-Click (PPC) advertising platform, used to measure the effectiveness and profitability of your advertising campaigns. ACOS is the ratio of ad spend to sales generated from that ad campaign and is crucial for measuring the performance of ads. TACOS is the total advertising cost of sales and provides a percentage of the entire revenue generated from the entire Amazon account. ACoS and TACoS metrics guide budget allocation and optimization strategies in Amazon PPC campaigns. To optimize ACOS and TACOS for better ROI, focus on refining keywords, adjusting ad spend, and monitoring organic versus paid sales performance. The goal is to strike a balance between ACOS and TACOS that aligns with the seller’s business objectives and improves profitability. In the highly competitive supplement industry, a new product’s launch strategy often includes front-loading advertising spend to achieve visibility and rank.

ACoS and TACoS are vital metrics in Amazon’s PPC advertising, measuring campaign effectiveness and profitability. ACoS calculates ad spending against campaign-generated sales, while TACoS gauges the total advertising cost of sales across the account. These metrics steer budgeting and optimization strategies. To enhance ROI, focus on refining keywords, adjusting ad spend, and monitoring organic versus paid sales. Striking a balance between ACoS and TACoS is key to improved profitability. In competitive industries like supplements, front-loading ad spend for visibility is common in product launches.

Amazon advertising relies heavily on precise metrics to measure campaign success. This article will dissect the differences between TACOS (Total Advertising Cost of Sale) and traditional metrics, emphasizing their significance, calculation, and impact on PPC (Pay Per Click) campaigns. Through a comprehensive analysis, advertisers will gain a clearer understanding of how to optimize their strategies on the Amazon platform.

Decoding ACOS and TACOS in Amazon PPC

Decoding ACOS and TACOS in Amazon PPC

ACoS and TACoS are essential metrics in Amazon’s Pay-Per-Click (PPC) advertising platform, used to measure the effectiveness and profitability of your advertising campaigns. ACoS helps you fine-tune specific campaigns, while TACoS offers a big-picture view of your advertising strategy’s effectiveness. Both metrics are crucial for making informed decisions about your Amazon PPC campaigns.

What is ACOS and Why is it Crucial for Amazon Advertisers?

ACOS is the ratio of ad spend to sales generated from that ad campaign and is crucial for measuring the performance of ads. ACOS is a percentage that compares how much is spent on advertising and the amount earned. This percentage is a crucial metric for identifying how cost-effective campaigns are.

While a low ACoS is a good indicator of profitability, a high ACoS is an indication of increased visibility, which leads to more profit in the long run. A higher ACOS is necessary for new product launches as they don’t have the organic ranking to boost performance. Setting a high ACoS is a good strategy for Increasing brand & product awareness. Dominating a niche.

ACOS = (Ad Spend/Sales) × 100

For instance, if an advertiser spends $50 on ads that generate sales of $200, the ACOS would be 25%. This implies that the advertiser spent 25% of the sales amount on advertising.

Why is ACOS crucial:

  • Direct Measure of Advertising Efficiency: An ACOS of 25%, as in the example above, indicates that a quarter of the sales revenue was spent on advertising. An ACOS higher than the target indicates that the advertising is not yielding a sufficient return, and adjustments are necessary.
  • Profitability Insight: By comparing ACOS to the profit margin of a product, sellers can determine the profitability of ad campaigns. For instance, a product with a profit margin of 40% and a 25% ACOS, indicates a profit. But an ACOS above the target of 40% would indicate more is spent on advertising than what is gained through sales.
  • Benchmarking Tool: ACOS aids in understanding how sellers measure up to competitors and broader industry benchmarks. If an advertiser’s ACOS remains above the industry standard, it stipulates there are areas needing optimization or a strategic shift.

ACOS offers a clear lens through which Amazon businesses can assess the direct impact of their advertising efforts on sales. This data informs decisions about budget allocation, ad optimization, and overall strategy for a more effective campaign.

Rethinking ACOS: Beyond Good and Bad

ACOS (Advertising Cost of Sales) should be understood not as a metric with an inherent ‘good’ or ‘bad’ value but as a variable highly dependent on individual seller circumstances. The notion of a universal ideal ACOS overlooks a spectrum of critical factors unique to each seller, such as product cost structures and seasonal sales patterns. Therefore, evaluating ACOS requires a balance between industry standards and the specific nuances of one’s business.

2023’s Evolution in ACOS Calculation

The 2023 ACOS update has introduced a sophisticated formula to gauge advertising efficiency for Amazon sellers, thanks to Elizabeth Greene and the Junglr team. This formula, which incorporates conversion rate (CVR) and average order value, marks a departure from the simple ratio of total ad spend to total sales. The revised formula, ACOS = (Avg CPC × (1/CVR)) / Average Order Value, allows for an in-depth analysis of how conversion rates influence ACOS, enhancing sellers’ ability to predict and optimize their advertising strategy.

Applying the New ACOS Formula

This updated ACOS formula is particularly beneficial for sellers grappling with high ACOS. It provides a tool to calculate necessary changes in cost per click (CPC) to achieve break-even points, especially useful when traditional methods lead to decreased traffic due to lower bids. For sellers not facing high ACOS challenges, the classic formula remains a reliable choice.

Incorporating Conversion Rates into ACOS Analysis

The new ACOS formula, with its integration of conversion rates, signifies a major shift in Amazon’s advertising approach. It allows sellers to understand how changes in conversion rates directly affect their ACOS, translating abstract figures into actionable insights. This predictive model is a leap forward, enabling sellers to make informed decisions on ad investments and adjust strategies ahead of market shifts.

Forecasting ACOS: Predictive Precision The new formula transforms forecasting from mere estimation to a calculated prediction, accounting for market trends and consumer behaviors. This predictive capacity empowers Amazon sellers with unprecedented agility and foresight, positioning them to proactively adjust their strategies in a constantly evolving marketplace.

What is TACOS and How Is It Calculated?

TACOS is the total advertising cost of sales and provides a percentage of the entire revenue generated from the entire Amazon account. TACOS provides a holistic overview of the performance across all campaigns. This metric measures the efficiency of your advertising efforts by guaging how much businesses drive sales through advertising.Your TACOS acts as your campaign’s north star, a beacon towards ACOS profitability, guiding every bid and strategic decision.

Understanding TACOS will contextualize ad spend into the big-picture and clarify any rigid boundaries for your ad spend. It represents a metric crucial for Amazon sellers aiming to measure the efficiency of their advertising efforts in relation to their overall revenue.

Usually, a TACOS between 5-10% is the ideal percentage as the higher the percentage the more sellers are spending on ads to boost sales. However, a product launch campaign should expect to have a high TACOS to start with to increase the visibility, with the expectation for it to gradually decrease as it gains organic momentum through the flywheel effect.

Typically, a lower TACOS shows a strong organic reach on the platform. Less spend on advertisements means the overal profitability of a campaign increases snce there is less outgoings. A low TACOS might also indicate that while ad-driven sales are good, the overall sales, including organic ones, might not be matching up, pointing to potential challenges in other areas of the business.

How to calculate TACOS:
TACOS = (Ad Spend/Total Revenue) x 100

For instance, if an Amazon seller spends $500 on advertising and generates a total revenue of $5,000 (which includes both organic and ad-driven sales), the TACOS would be:

TACOS = (500/5000) x 100 = 10%

This indicates that 10% of the total revenue is attributed to advertising costs.
How you calculate the TACOS of a product:

A product on Amazon has the following sales and ad data for a given month:

  • Total Sales (organic + ad-driven): 1,000 units
    Ad-driven Sales: 600 units
  • Organic Sales: 400 units
  • Ad Spend: $3,000
  • Total Revenue: 1,000 units x $50/unit = $50,000

Revenue from Ad-driven Sales: 600 units x $50/unit = $30,000

Now, let’s calculate TACOS and ACOS using the revenue:
ACOS = (Revenue from Ad-driven Sales/Ad Spend) ×100
= (30,000/3,000) ×100 = 10%

TACOS = (Total Revenue/Ad Spend)×100
= (50,000/3,000 )×100 = 6%

What these numbers mean:
The ACOS of 10% indicates that for every dollar earned from ad-driven sales, 10 cents are spent on advertising. This suggests a reasonable level of advertising efficiency.

The TACOS of 6% means that for every dollar earned in total sales, 6 cents are spent on advertising, indicating that advertising costs are proportionate to total revenue.

However, the disparity between ad-driven and organic sales is a concern: Out of 1,000 units sold, only 400 were organic. This discrepancy suggests there are challenges in other areas of the business affecting organic sales.

Why would there be a discrepancy between ad-driven and organic sales:

  • Product Reviews: Amazon values a positive customer experience and good feedback. If a product has a significant amount of negative reviews it would affect customer decision-making and where Amazon favours the product within the search results. Unless you have a minimum rating of 3.5 your ad won’t win bids.
  • Search Ranking: Product placement significantly effects conversion rates, as the further into the search results a product appears the less visibility it gets. Diminished organic visibility, makes discovery harder for customers to discover the product without ads.
    • Search ranking is also affected by how the keywords in the listings are indexed. Ascertain that the terms used within the listing are optimized.
  • Brand Recognition: A competitor with a similar product has a stronger brand presence and garners more organic sales due to established trust and brand loyalty. This could mean that efforts outside of advertising, such as brand-building and public relations, need strengthening.
  • Price Point: The product’s price might be higher than competing products of similar quality. Customers will opt for more affordable alternatives when not influenced by ads.
  • Product Listing Quality: The product’s images, descriptions, or specifications might be lacking in clarity or appeal. Having high quality images and clear descriptions will attract buyers organically.

When comparing TACOS to ACOS, the primary distinction is in the denominator of the calculation. ACOS strictly focuses on the efficiency of ad spending in generating sales directly from those advertisements. Whereas TACOS incorporates all revenue sources, offering a broader perspective on advertising’s impact on the business.

TACOS provides a more comprehensive view than ACOS alone, accounting for the indirect benefits advertising might have on overall sales. This can be especially valuable for sellers aiming to understand the broader influence of their advertising strategies on business performance.

What are the Benefits of Utilizing TACOS in Amazon Advertising

The benefit of utilising TACOS is that it gives advertisers a comprehensive perspective on the effect of their advertising efforts on overall sales and profitability. Instead of the prime focus being on the sales from ads, TACOS is a significant identifier of how ads influence organic results.

6 benefits of using TACOS in Amazon advertising:

  1. Distinguishing Organic vs. Paid Sales Performance: TACOS enables a clear differentiation between sales generated organically and those driven by paid advertising efforts. This insight is crucial for assessing the true impact of advertising campaigns. Sellers can discern if their organic sales align with their ad-driven sales or if there’s a notable disparity.
  2. Strategic Ad Spend Allocation:
    TACOS, when evaluated alongside other metrics, empowers sellers to make well-informed decisions regarding ad budget allocation. For instance, if TACOS is consistently low but ACOS remains high, it signals that the advertising is reaching the right audience, but the ad spending efficiency needs improvement. Sellers can then delve deeper, potentially revising keyword strategies or ad placements, to optimize return on investment.
  3. Budget Allocation Insights:
    TACOS plays a pivotal role in directing budget allocation decisions. A rising TACOS may prompt a re-evaluation of budget distribution across various products or campaigns. This could lead to reallocating funds towards high-performing products or campaigns while reducing budgets for underperforming ones.
    For example, if an advertiser has two products – Product A with a TACOS of 10% and Product B with a TACOS of 25%, they might consider allocating more budget towards Product A’s campaigns to maximize profitability.
  4. Brand Health Assessment:
    TACOS serves as an indirect metric for assessing brand health on Amazon. A consistent decrease in TACOS suggests growing organic reach and recognition, reducing the dependence on paid ads for sales. Conversely, a rising TACOS may indicate heightened competition or diminishing brand visibility, signalling the need for strategic interventions.
  5. Seasonal Strategy Adjustments:
    TACOS provides valuable insights into seasonal trends and their alignment with advertising efforts. During peak shopping seasons, a surge in TACOS may be acceptable as advertisers intensify ad spending to capture a larger audience. Post-season, a high TACOS might signal overspending without proportional revenue growth, necessitating a strategic re-evaluation.
  6. Product Launch Strategy:
    For new products, TACOS offers critical insights into market reception. While an initially high TACOS is expected as advertisers invest heavily to gain traction, a prolonged high TACOS post-launch might indicate challenges in product positioning, pricing, or competition that require attention.
    By leveraging this metric, sellers can achieve a more nuanced understanding of their advertising’s impact. This is important for not only driving sales but also building a sustainable and profitable business model.

What is the key difference between TACOS and ACOS?

What is the key difference between TACOS and ACOS

The key difference between TACOS and ACOS is what they measure and their purpose. ACOS measures the efficiency of advertising spend by calculating the percentage of ad expenditure relative to sales revenue. Whereas, TACOS provides a more comprehensive measurement of ad performance by including both organic and ad-driven sales in the calculation.

While both ACOS and TACOS provide invaluable insights into the efficacy of Amazon advertising campaigns, they serve different purposes. ACOS is a specific measurement of the performance of ads, but TACOS measures a brand’s reinvestment into Amazon ads. Evaluating both metrics in tandem ensures a comprehensive understanding of advertising performance in the context of overall business growth.

How Does TACOS Differ from Traditional Metrics?

TACOS provides a comprehensive view by combining organic and paid sales, whereas traditional metrics focus on specific facets like keyword performance, ad placement, and distinctions between organic and paid sales, including metrics like CTR, CVR, and CPC.

Traditional metrics in Amazon advertising are specific data points that offer granular insights into distinct areas of a campaign, such as keyword performance, ad placement efficacy, or delineation between organic and paid sales.
Here is a table that demonstrates the differences between TACOS and traditional metrics:



Data Type
The distinction between organic and non-organic sales.

Traditional Metrics

Traditional metrics typically delineate between organic and paid sales, often treating them as separate entities in analysis.


TACOS offers a more unified approach by integrating both organic and paid sales into a single metric.

Time Frame

Whether the metric is designed to offer insights into short-term performance or long-term brand growth.

Traditional metrics might focus on immediate returns or short-term ad performance, lacking a comprehensive view of overall brand impact.

TACOS, by considering total revenue, provides insights into long-term brand growth and recognition. This metric can indicate if a brand’s overall market presence and organic reach are expanding over time.

Describes the primary scenarios or decisions where the metric is most applicable.

Used for immediate campaign optimizations and adjustments based on specific ad-driven sales performance.

TACOS aids in larger strategic decisions. For example, if TACOS is decreasing, it might indicate that organic sales are growing at a faster rate than ad-driven sales, which could influence future advertising decisions.

Whether it gives a holistic view or needs to be paired with others for a complete picture.

While effective in their own right, traditional metrics might require pairing and cross-referencing for a holistic view of advertising’s impact.

TACOS simplifies this by offering a broader perspective in one metric, making it easier for advertisers to gauge the overall health of their Amazon presence.

Specifies whether the metric offers detailed, specific insights or a general, overarching view.

Traditional metrics can offer granular insights into specific areas of a campaign, like keyword performance or ad placement efficacy.

TACOS, being a more encompassing metric, might not provide granular insights but instead gives a macro-level view of advertising’s impact on total sales.

Highlights the metric’s ability to remain relevant or useful as market conditions or advertising strategies change.

Some traditional metrics might be less adaptable to changing market conditions or shifts in advertising strategies.

TACOS, by its nature, can adapt to changing market conditions. A rise in TACOS might signal increased competition, prompting a re-evaluation of advertising strategies.

Points out if the metric stands alone in its insights or if it requires cross-referencing with other metrics.

Relies on multiple metrics for a comprehensive analysis. Advertisers often need to analyze several metrics in tandem to get a complete picture.

TACOS provides a more standalone value, reducing the dependency on multiple metrics for a snapshot of advertising efficiency. However, for in-depth analysis, it’s still recommended to consider other metrics.

Is TACOS a Reliable Indicator of Advertising Success on Amazon?

5 key reasons why this is the key indicator.
Yes, TACOS is a reliable indicator of advertising success on Amazon as it, gives an accurate representation of advertising performance and profitability. TACOS provides an accurate understanding of the true impact of advertising efforts on overall sales for more informed campaign optimization and budget allocation. Why is TACOS a reliable indicator of success:
  1. Efficient Ad Spend Allocation: A lower TACOS percentage indicates that advertising dollars are being used efficiently to drive sales. This means that a higher proportion of revenue is generated from advertising efforts, showcasing the effectiveness of the campaigns.
  2. Balanced Organic and Paid Sales Impact: TACOS factors in both organic and paid sales, providing a comprehensive view of a seller’s overall sales performance. When TACOS is well-balanced, it indicates that the seller is not overly reliant on paid advertising and is also seeing healthy organic sales growth. This balance is a sign of a well-optimized and successful advertising strategy.
  3. Strategic Decision-Making: TACOS helps sellers make informed decisions about budget allocation and campaign optimization. By understanding the true impact of advertising spend on overall sales, sellers can adjust their strategies to maximize returns. For example, if TACOS is high, it might signal the need to refine targeting or ad placement to increase efficiency.
  4. Quantitative Measure of Advertising Efficiency: TACOS precisely quantifies the relationship between advertising spend and total revenue. By doing so, it gauges the broader impact of PPC ad campaigns beyond just the sales directly attributed to ads.
  5. Strength of TACOS in Context: TACOS is most utlized when contextualized with other metrics, such as: impressions, CTR, and CVR. A multi-metric approach ensures all the information is received and empowers advertisers to make effective strategic decisions that improve both short-term and long-term outcomes.

  6. The ACOS serves as another crucial metric. Unlike TACOS, which considers total revenue, ACOS hones in on the sales generated directly from ads. This more focused perspective helps advertisers understand the immediate returns on their ad investments.
TACOS is a critical metric that indicates success by showcasing efficient ad spend, balanced organic and paid sales impact, and guiding strategic decision-making for more effective advertising campaigns. By evaluating TACOS with oher metrics like ACOS, advertisers will have a comprehensive and nuanced optimization strategy, ensuring greater success on the platform.

What Should Amazon Sellers Watch For When Using TACOS?

Sellers should watch for an increase in TACOS as this means more of your total sales are being spent on advertising costs. An increase in TACOS is an indicator of a less profitable campaign.

6 elements sellers should keep an eye on when using TACOS:

  • Ad Spend Efficiency: Monitor how efficiently advertising dollars are converting into sales. A high TACOS might indicate overspending relative to revenue generated, suggesting the need for optimization.
  • Balance Between Organic and Paid Sales: Assess if the proportion of organic sales is growing alongside ad-driven sales. A disparity might signal a need to adjust advertising strategies or enhance organic visibility.
  • Budget Allocation: Watch for shifts in TACOS, as this can indicate changes in the effectiveness of ad spend. Consider reallocating budget towards high-performing campaigns or products for better ROI.
  • Brand Health: Track TACOS trends to indirectly assess brand health. A decreasing TACOS may suggest growing organic reach, while a rising TACOS could indicate increased competition or diminishing brand visibility.
  • Seasonal Trends: Recognize how TACOS aligns with seasonal variations. During peak shopping periods, a temporary increase in TACOS may be acceptable, but post-season, it should normalize. Adjust strategies accordingly.
  • Product Launch Success: For new products, observe initial TACOS levels. While an initially high TACOS is expected, persistent high values post-launch may signal the need to reevaluate product positioning or pricing.

TACOS has gained traction among Amazon sellers as a metric that offers insights into the broader health of a business, especially in relation to advertising efforts. Yet, while the benefits are clear, there are specific considerations and cautions to be aware of.

TACOS captures both the sales generated from advertising and the sales that would occur organically without any advertising. As a result, a declining TACOS might not always signify an improving advertising efficiency.

For instance, if organic sales surge due to external factors like seasonal demand or a general uptick in market trends, TACOS might decrease. This could lead a seller to believe that their advertising efforts are becoming more efficient, when it’s the organic sales influencing the metric.

How to use TACOS to interpret ad performance:

An Amazon seller has a consistent ad spend month-over-month. In December, they see a drop in their TACOS. The immediate interpretation might be that the advertising campaigns became more effective. However, the drop might be attributed to increased organic sales due to the holiday season, rather than any improvements in advertising efficacy.

Solely relying on assessing TACOS in such a situation could mislead optimization, leading to inefficient ad spends in subsequent months.

Importance of assessing TACOS with other metrics:

TACOS provides a macro-level view of advertising’s role in total revenue, it’s important to pair it with other metrics to garner a nuanced understanding of campaign performance. For example, comparing TACOS and ACOS can offer insights into the balance between organic and paid sales.

Suppose the campaign’s TACOS remains stable but ACOS starts increasing. In that case, it may indicate that while the total business health (including organic sales) remains steady, the efficiency of advertising campaigns is dwindling. This is a signal to reassess and optimize advertising strategies.

Moreover, integrating TACOS with metrics like CTR, CVR, and ROAS provides a comprehensive picture of where the advertising dollars are going and how effectively they are being used. A well-rounded campaign analysis considers the interplay of various factors that contribute to the overall profitability of campaigns on Amazon.

Adopting a holistic approach that combines multiple metrics will equip sellers with the insights needed to drive sustainable growth and profitability.

Achieving Optimal ACOS on Amazon: Key Strategies for Success

Optimizing ACOS (Advertising Cost of Sales) is crucial for sellers aiming for profitability and efficiency. Implementing strategic ACOS target strategies, aligned with financial goals, is fundamental to amplify advertising effectiveness. The pathway to reaching the desired ACOS includes meticulous bid optimization and regular performance auditing of Amazon PPC campaigns. Sellers must focus on identifying their break-even ACOS and setting clear targets, while dynamically adjusting bids considering factors like conversion rates and seasonality. Additionally, conducting detailed performance audits based on metrics such as conversion rates, click-through rates (CTR), average cost per click (CPC), and order value is vital. This comprehensive approach ensures that Amazon campaigns are steered towards achievable and growth-oriented ACOS targets.

Leveraging Tools for ACOS Management in Amazon PPC

In the quest for maximizing Amazon PPC campaign efficiency, the use of specialized tools for ACOS management is indispensable. Employing ACOS calculators is a game-changer, offering precision in bidding strategies to meet target ACOS objectives. These calculators eliminate guesswork, providing accurate bid recommendations based on crucial inputs like CPC, conversion rates, and average order value. Utilizing these advanced tools ensures that bids are not only accurate but also competitive, sharpening the edge in Amazon’s volatile marketplace. For sellers navigating the complexities of Amazon PPC, tools like Ad Badger and sophisticated ACOS calculators act as crucial navigational aids, guiding towards optimized ad spend and improved profitability.

Incorporating these strategies and tools into Amazon PPC campaigns not only enhances the likelihood of success but also provides a clear roadmap for sustained growth and efficiency in the dynamic e-commerce landscape.

How Do ACOS and TACOS Impact Amazon PPC Campaigns?

ACoS and TACoS metrics guide budget allocation and optimization strategies in Amazon PPC campaigns. Here is a further breakdown of how ACOS and TACOS impact PPC campaigns:
  • How These Metrics Guide Budget Allocation ACOS quantifies the cost associated with each sale originating from a paid advertisement. An ACOS of 30% signifies an expenditure of $30 on advertising for every $100 in sales. Elevated ACOS values may suggest inefficient conversion of ad spend to sales. Conversely, a low ACOS demonstrates cost-efficiency in advertising. Hence, ACOS values guide advertisers on budget allocation or reallocation. A rising TACOS could signify a growing dependency on paid advertisements, potentially indicating a dip in organic sales. A declining TACOS may indicate robust organic sales or ad efficiency. By analyzing TACOS, advertisers assess the brand’s overall health on Amazon and fine-tune budgets to balance organic and paid sales. Campaign Scaling, Pausing, or Optimization
  • For campaign scaling: A persistent low ACOS can be a cue to augment the campaign, aiming for increased sales. A rising TACOS might suggest an over-reliance on ads, necessitating a reevaluation of ad spend.
  • For campaign pausing: A combination of high ACOS and escalating TACOS can be indicative of underperforming campaigns. In such cases, pausing may be the right solution depending on the keyword, competitor or category targets.
  • For campaign optimization: Monitoring both metrics can highlight improvement areas. Elevated ACOS for a product may necessitate keyword refinement or ad copy revision. A surging TACOS might suggest broader market shifts, warranting an advertising strategy overhaul.
Further Impacts of ACOS and TACOS on Campaigns:
  • Price Strategy Adjustments Analyzing these metrics, sellers can refine product pricing. A consistent high ACOS might hint at low product pricing, leading to reduced margins. A price adjustment might be warranted for enhanced profitability.
  • Product Listing Enhancements Elevated ACOS, combined with satisfactory click-through but low conversion rates, can pinpoint product listing issues, necessitating improvements like clearer images or compelling descriptions.
  • Inventory Management Low TACOS values with high sales volumes indicate effective sales, necessitating adequate inventory to prevent stockouts, which can impact organic rankings adversely.
  • Brand Awareness Assessments TACOS can gauge brand recognition. A diminishing TACOS might indicate growing organic sales due to brand familiarity. In contrast, a surging TACOS could indicate increased dependency on ads.
  • Competitive Analysis Fluctuations in ACOS can provide insights into competition. A sudden ACOS surge might suggest heightened competition, prompting keyword and bid strategy revisions.
  • Seasonal Campaign Adjustments During high-demand seasons, elevated ACOS can be anticipated due to bidding wars. Pairing this with TACOS ensures sustained sales health.
  • Feedback Loop for Product Development Consistent monitoring, combined with customer feedback, can provide product enhancement insights. High ad spends with reduced sales might not solely be an advertising flaw but could indicate product improvements.
In summary, ACOS and TACOS extend beyond mere advertising metric roles. They provide a comprehensive view of market positioning, guiding various facets of Amazon business strategies, from pricing to branding.

Strategies to Optimize ACOS and TACOS for Better ROI

To optimize ACOS and TACOS for better ROI, focus on refining keywords, adjusting ad spend, and monitoring organic versus paid sales performance.

8 strategies to enhance ACOS and TACOS for better results:

  1. Keyword Optimization and Refinement
    • Continuous Research: It’s important to consistently identify and target high-performing keywords. For instance, utilizing tools like Amazon’s Search Term Report can unveil terms that customers frequently use.
    • Optimize Regularly: Non-converting keywords or those with a high cost can drain ad budgets. Regularly reviewing and removing these terms can lead to cost savings and better ad performance.
    • Negative Keywords: Including negative keywords in campaigns ensures ads aren’t displayed for unrelated search queries. For instance, if selling “men’s running shoes,” you might exclude terms like “women’s running shoes” to narrow down the audience.
  2. Ad Spend Adjustments Based on Performance
    • Dynamic Budget Allocation: Allocate more funds to campaigns or products that demonstrate high performance. For example, if a specific product outperforms others in a category, it might warrant a higher ad spend.
    • Scheduled Ads: Running ads during peak times when the target audience is most active can enhance visibility and conversions. For instance, products targeted towards office workers might perform better during weekdays.
    • Bid Adjustments: Implementing bid modifications based on factors like device type, geographic location, and ad placement can optimize costs. For instance, if mobile users convert more frequently than desktop users, consider adjusting bids accordingly.
  3. Monitoring and Reacting to Shifts in Organic vs. Paid Sales
    • Sales Trend Analysis: Reviewing sales trends can provide insights into the balance between organic and paid sales. If organic sales decline while paid sales rise, it could indicate an over-reliance on advertising.
    • Complementary Ad Strategies: Instead of allowing paid ads to compete with organic listings, they should complement each other. For instance, if a product gains organic traction, reduce its ad spend and divert funds to other products.
  4. Diversify Ad Types
    • Test Various Ad Types: Amazon offers multiple ad formats like Sponsored Brands, Sponsored Products, and Sponsored Display. Testing each type can uncover which format resonates most with the target audience. For example, Sponsored Brands might be effective for brand visibility, while Sponsored Products can drive direct sales.
    • Customer Journey Consideration: Recognize that each ad type can cater to different stages in the customer’s purchasing journey. Sponsored Display ads, for example, can retarget users who’ve viewed a product but haven’t purchased.
  5. Leverage Product Listing Optimization
    • Quality Listings: An optimized product listing with clear images, titles, and bullet points can significantly impact conversions. For instance, high-resolution images can give potential buyers a clearer view of the product, encouraging purchases.
    • Enhanced Content: Utilizing Enhanced Brand Content or A+ Content can set listings apart and improve conversion rates. These features allow for richer content, including videos or comparison charts.
  6. Analyze Competitor Strategies
    • Monitor Competitors: Keeping an eye on competitor ad strategies, especially their keyword bids and placements, can offer valuable insights. For example, if a competitor consistently outbids on a particular keyword, it might be worth reconsidering its value.
    • Strategic Bidding: Adjusting bids and strategies based on what competitors are doing can ensure competitive positioning. If competitors are aggressively bidding during a specific season, matching or outbidding them can secure prime ad placements.
  7. Utilize Seasonal Trends
    • Peak Seasons Ad Spend: Products might see increased demand during particular seasons or events. Increasing ad spend during these times, like the holiday season for general products or back-to-school for educational items, can optimize sales.
    • Seasonal Keywords: Adjusting keyword strategies to include season-specific terms can capture relevant traffic. For instance, adding “summer” to relevant product keywords during the warmer months.
  8. Implement Advanced Campaign Structures
    • Diverse Campaigns: Utilizing varied campaign structures such as auto-to-manual transitions, category targeting, and product targeting can reach different audience segments. For example, auto campaigns can uncover new, high-performing keywords which can then be transitioned to manual campaigns for precise control.

Each of these strategies requires consistent monitoring and adjustment, but when applied diligently, they will lead to a more efficient and profitable Amazon PPC campaign.

The Interplay Between ACOS, TACOS, and Overall Business Profitability

The goal is to strike a balance between ACOS and TACOS that aligns with the seller’s business objectives and improves profitability. A well-managed advertising strategy will aim for a balanced TACOS, where the combined impact of organic and ad-driven sales is optimized. This means that advertising efforts are effectively complementing organic sales without over-reliance on paid advertising. By managing advertising spend efficiently and optimizing campaigns to achieve a balanced TACOS, sellers enhance their overall profitability and success on the Amazon platform. How Both Metrics Influence Pricing, Profitability, and Growth Strategies:
  1. Pricing Strategy: ACOS provides a direct measure of the cost incurred for each sale resulting from a paid advertisement. A high ACOS might indicate that the cost of advertising is eating into the profit margins.

    In such cases, sellers might consider adjusting their product pricing to maintain desired profit levels. On the other hand, TACOS incorporates the broader revenue picture, helping businesses understand how their advertising spend relates to total sales, not just those driven by ads. If TACOS remains high even with a competitive ACOS, it may signal that non-advertised products need price adjustments or other strategic changes.
  2. Profitability Analysis: Both ACOS and TACOS are direct determinants of profitability. A lower ACOS suggests that advertisements are efficient, leading to more profit per sale. Conversely, a rising TACOS might hint at an over-reliance on paid advertisements, potentially jeopardizing overall profitability. Sellers must continuously monitor and optimize both metrics to ensure that advertising costs don’t compromise profit margins.
  3. Growth Strategies: TACOS gives an insight into the overall health of the business, factoring in both organic and paid sales. A decreasing TACOS might indicate that organic sales are growing at a healthier rate than paid sales, suggesting that the brand’s market presence is strengthening. Such trends can guide businesses in scaling their advertising efforts, allocating budgets, and identifying areas of potential expansion.

  4. Their Role in Forecasting and Long-Term Business Planning
  5. Forecasting Sales and Revenue: By analyzing historical ACOS and TACOS data, businesses can forecast future sales trends. For instance, a consistent ACOS could suggest predictable ad-driven sales, whereas fluctuations in TACOS might indicate changes in organic sales or shifts in the market landscape.
  6. Budget Allocation: TACOS is particularly crucial for budget planning. If a business notices that its TACOS is rising, it might choose to allocate more funds towards advertising to boost organic sales or consider diversifying its advertising strategies.
  7. Long-Term Planning: Both metrics can guide decisions related to product launches, market expansion, and brand positioning. For example, a consistently low ACOS for a particular product might suggest that it’s ripe for expansion or that there’s room to explore new advertising channels. Conversely, a high TACOS across the board could hint at broader market challenges or increased competition, prompting a reevaluation of long-term business strategies.
ACOS and TACOS are not just metrics in isolation; they are vital tools that interplay to shape the financial trajectory and strategic decisions of Amazon sellers. By understanding and optimizing these metrics, businesses can ensure sustainable growth and profitability in a competitive marketplace.

Real-World Scenarios: ACOS and TACOS Use Cases

- Use Case 1: A Brand Launching a New $100 Supplement with Aggressive Advertising

In the highly competitive supplement industry, a new product’s launch strategy often includes front-loading advertising spend to achieve visibility and rank. Here’s a deeper dive into the strategy, considering both ACOS and TACOS:

Expectation of High ACOS & TACOS:

During the initial phase, a brand might accept an ACOS of over 100%, meaning they spend more on advertising than the sales it directly generates. For instance, spending $150 on ads for a $100 sale. This is often a strategic move to gain visibility and rank higher on Amazon.

TACOS as a Launch Indicator:

If the brand spends $150 on ads and garners $200 in total sales ($100 from ads and $100 organically), the TACOS would be 75%. This high TACOS, although indicating significant advertising spend, can be acceptable during the launch phase as it shows organic sales are also being generated.

Strategies for Launch Phase:

  • Bidding Aggressively on Keywords: To ensure top ad placements, especially for high-competition keywords relevant to the supplement.
  • Using Placement Modifiers: Even if you’re bidding high, sellers may want to add a placement Top of Search modifier on their campaigns to increase their impressions on page 1
  • Product Bundling: Offering the new supplement with another popular product at a discounted rate to increase its visibility and appeal.
  • Promotions and Discounts: While this might further increase ACOS, offering launch promotions can boost initial sales volume, helping organic rank.

Adjusting Based on Metrics:
As sales data accumulates, if ACOS remains high and TACOS doesn’t show a significant shift towards organic sales, consider refining keywords, adjusting bids, or tweaking ad creatives.

Understanding Profit and Loss:

It’s important to recognize that being at a loss initially is a strategic move. The key is to monitor both ACOS and TACOS closely to ensure the brand is on track to achieve long-term profitability once organic sales increase.

- Use Case 2 An Established Brand Selling a $100 Supplement Aiming to Reduce Ad Spend Without Sacrificing Sales

For a recognized supplement brand, the challenge lies in maintaining market share without overspending on ads:

Assessing Current ACOS: If the ACOS is at 40%, this means for every $100 sale of the supplement, $40 is spent on ads. This can serve as a benchmark for optimization.

Strategies Based on ACOS Data:

  • Keyword Refinement: By focusing on long-tail keywords or those with better conversion rates, the brand can maintain sales volume while reducing ad spend.
  • Ad Placement Optimization: If certain ad placements are yielding a higher ROI, prioritize them. Conversely, reduce bids or pause placements with poor returns.
  • Ad Schedule Adjustments: Running ads during peak times when the target audience is most active can increase sales while reducing wasted spend.

Balancing with TACOS: If the brand aims to reduce ad spend, watching TACOS is crucial. A slight increase might be acceptable, but a significant spike would indicate declining organic sales, necessitating a strategy reevaluation.

Reallocating Budget: With a lower ACOS and a stable TACOS, the brand can redirect savings towards other growth initiatives, such as new product research or expanding to different marketplaces.

In both scenarios, ACOS and TACOS are not just metrics; they’re powerful tools that, when understood and utilized effectively, can significantly impact a brand’s Amazon strategy and profitability.

Beyond TACOS: Other Vital Amazon PPC Metrics Explored

Several other key performance indicators (KPIs) play pivotal roles in gauging the success of PPC campaigns. Among these are Impressions, CTR, and Conversion Rate. Each of these metrics, when analyzed in conjunction with one another, offers a nuanced understanding of a campaign’s performance.

CTR (Click Through Rate)

CTR = (Number of Clicks/Number of Impressions) x 100

Defined as the percentage of individuals who click on an ad after seeing it, CTR is calculated by dividing the number of clicks by the number of impressions, then multiplying by 100.

Importance: CTR gauges the immediate effectiveness of an ad. A high CTR typically indicates that the ad’s content is relevant and appealing to viewers, leading them to seek more information or make a purchase.

Analyzing CTR provides advertisers with feedback on their ad’s design, copy, and keyword targeting. A low CTR, despite high impressions, might suggest the need for ad optimization or keyword refinement.

CPC (Cost Per Click)

CPC = (Number of Clicks/Number of Impressions) x 100

CPC represents the average cost incurred when a user clicks on an advertisement. CPC depicts the average cost an advertiser pays for each click on their advertisement.

Importance: It’s a direct measure of the financial efficiency of a campaign.

A high CPC might indicate increased competition or less effective keyword targeting, necessitating a strategy revision.

CVR (Conversion Rate)

CVR = (Number of Orders/Number of Clicks) x 100

CVR represents the proportion of clicks culminating in a sale.

Importance: While CTR assesses the appeal of an ad, the CVR evaluates its ultimate effectiveness in driving sales.

A high CVR signifies that the traffic driven by the ad is qualified and that the landing page or product listing effectively encourages purchases.

A low CVR, in spite of a high CTR, might point to issues beyond the ad itself, such as product pricing, customer reviews, or the quality of the product listing.


This refers to the number of times an advertisement is displayed, regardless of whether it was clicked or not.

Importance: Impressions give a preliminary insight into the visibility and reach of a campaign. A high number of impressions indicates that the ad is frequently being shown, which could be a result of effective keyword targeting or a substantial advertising budget.

Monitoring impressions helps advertisers understand the initial reach of their campaign. A sudden drop in impressions could indicate issues with ad placement, keyword relevancy, or even budget constraints.


Clicks represent the total number of times users have clicked on an ad.

Importance: It provides a raw count of user interaction with an advertisement.

Monitoring the Clicks metric alongside Impressions and CTR can provide a clearer picture of an ad’s overall engagement.

Ad Spend

This metric refers to the total expenditure on a particular advertising campaign.

Importance: It directly impacts profitability and ROAS.

Comparing Ad Spend with sales data can provide insights into campaign efficiency and areas for optimization.


While traditional metrics provide granular insights into specific campaign elements, TACOS offers a comprehensive view, blending both organic and paid sales. Leveraging the strengths of both can empower advertisers to optimize campaigns, drive profitability, and ensure long-term brand growth.

See how we can help you maximise revenue from your ad spend

Scroll to Top